An orthodontist is a dental specialist who undergoes three years of additional training after getting a basic dental degree and is an expert in treating malocclusions i.e irregularities of the teeth, jaws and face. Movement of teeth with respect to the jaws and joints is an extremely sensitive procedure and care should be taken to ensure the best possible results with minimal damage to enamel, roots, gums, bone and joints. Careful consideration of facial esthetics and smile parameters are some of the factors which have to be considered before the correction of crooked teeth or improper bite. Your orthodontist would conduct a thorough clinical examination, evaluate your jaws, muscles and teeth during various functions, make photographs and impressions and would ask for further records such as x ray views/scans to see the condition of your roots and bone prior to starting treatment. Orthodontists correct problems related to misaligned teeth and jaws using braces, aligners and related appliances.